One of the challenges
of researching Basil is that he had a son named Basil.
Both men alternated between using Brosseau (and its
assorted spellings), and the dit name Lefleur. At this
time, it is difficult in certain instances to know which
Basil is being referred to in the old records. We
present the info as it was found, letting the records speak
for themselves. If you can add to the following info, drop
us a line.
Basile Sr. joined the HBC about
1834 from the Parish of Varennes, Quebec and came west,
arriving in Fort Langley about 1839. He married again
(his first wife having died in Quebec), in the custom of the
country, a Cowitchan (unnamed thus far) who would have been
(I believe!) the mother of Basile Junior. He also had a
wife Rose (Kwantlen), who bore him three children,
about 1842) who married Peter Baker
||Florence (born between 1847 & 1849)
info on Florence courtesy of Florence's gr'gr'granddaughter
1853) - Tricia, another Langley descendant, has details on him
about 1856, just before her mother's death)
When the Kwantlen wife died
leaving a small baby Rose, Basile quickly (with special
permission) married a Nanaimok, Marianne. It is possible
that Marie Matilda Brousseau, born March 21, 1867, is a child
of this marriage.
Both Basiles were Dairymen at
the fort (as recorded by Aurelia Manson, Don Waite, and Jamie
Morton). The Senior Basile's original 1845 contract
with the HBC is still intact at the Victoria BC Archives.
Basile (Jr.) married Sarah
Pierre, the oldest sister of Peter Pierre, the Katzie
Medicine Man (see Katzie Ethnographic Notes by Wayne
Suttles). One of their children was Mary, who married
John Cook and settled on Galiano Island.
John was the son of Nicholas
Cook (who came from Germany at the time of the Gold Rush and
was probably called Koch) and a Cowichan (Comiaken?) mother,
Catherine. Nicholas and Catherine were some of the
earliest to pre-empt on Mayne Island. There is an
amazing story of Johnny Cook being kidnapped by the Haidas
and kept as a slave for some years as a child until he
returned on another warring mission and managed to escape and
find his home. This story is on tape at the Archives,
and is recorded by Mary Backlund.
After the HBC closed Fort
Langley, Basile Jr. stayed in the valley and bought
(pre-empted?) a piece of the 2000 acre HBC farm (still quite
visible when flying over that area). When he died in
1906, his obituary was in three local newspapers on January
25, 1906: Vancouver Province A PIONEER DEAD; The
Columbian BRAZIL BROSSEAU DEAD; and the Victoria Paper
ST ANDREW' S CATHOLIC
ROLL # 1a - Page 45
Marriage of Basile Sr. to Marianne from Nanaimo
Fort Langley, l'an mil huit cent cinquante six de vingt-et-un Juillet,
après la proclamation des bans de mariage entre Basile Brousseau dit
Lafleur veuf de Rose femme Quytlan, né à Pontigny diocèse de Montréal
d'une part et entre Marianne femme Nanaimok d'autre part, et les
parties ayant obtenu dispense du troisième degré d'affinité, nous
missionnaire avons reçu leur consentement, mutuel et leur avons donné
la bénédiction nuptiale en présence de Augustin Willing et de N.
Fallardeau lesquels se déclare ne savoir signer.
Broufseau [X] dit Lafleur
Signature de Marianne
Signature de N [X] Fallardeau
source: parish records at St
Andrew's Cathedral in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Translated this says:
Fort Langley, the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty six of
after the proclamation of the banns of marriage between Basile Brousseau
dit Lafleur, widower of Rose Quytlan, born in Pontigny diocese of Montreal on the one
hand, and between Marianne Nanaimok woman on the other
hand, and the parties having obtained exemption of the
third degree of affinity, we undersigned priest
missionary received their assent, mutual and gave them the
bridal blessing in the presence of Augustin Willing and of N.
Broufseau [X] known as Lafleur
Signature de Marianne
Signature of N X Fallardeau
should be noted that, like his
English speaking contemporaries, Father Lootens' spelling was not as
precise as we would like it to have been, and he was using an older
French dialect rather than the modern French used by translation web
pages like Alta Vista's Translator. If you can help us with this, we would be most
The senior Basil was was at Fort
Langley in 1839 with Ovid Allard, Pierre Charles etc.
(according to D. Waite's book), and he was working at the
fort in 1845 (since there is an agreement with the HBC dated
12 January 1845; at that time listed as Bazil Brousseaux, dit
Lafleur or Basil Brosseau, or Broseau)
In 1858, Basile had a native
wife and probably at least one child living with him.
His son, Basil Jr., who was living and working with the
Co's Langley farm in the late 1860's would have been old
enough to assist his father in his work by 1858.
source: PABC -
E/E/M31 - Aurelia Manson, Reminiscences, - Recollections
of School Days, pg, 11
Aurelia Manson referred to some
of Basile's "daughters at Langley" in the 20th
century, and Don Wait's genealogy listed a Mary Basile who
died in 1923. It is not known whether or not these
other daughters had been born prior to 1858. It is
likewise unknown if Basile and his family lived in servants'
quarters within the fort or in a residential structure at the
source: D. Waite's
Langley - pg. 249
On 3 September 1841, Basile,
aged 3, illegitimate child of Basile Lafleur and of a
Kawitchin woman was baptised by Modeste Demers.
Godfather: Ovid Allard.
Church records of the Pacific Northwest: Vancouver,
Volumes I and II, and Stellamaris Mission.
On 29 June 1856, Rose Lafleur,
daughter of Basil Brosseau dit Lafleur and a deceased
Kwantlen woman, was baptised at Fort Langley by one Father
Lootens. Her godfather was a man identified only as
It should be noted that in the original
Baptism of Basile's God-Child
Fort Langley - l'an mil huit cent cinquante trois le onze
September Baptized Basile, fils natural de Tahowia Wahi
et de N Quatlen, parrain Basile Brousseau, dit Lafleur
source: old parish
records at St Andrew's Cathedral in Victoria, British
BASIL BROUSSEAU --
AGREEMENT HBC -- 1845
Would he have been
born about 1810?
Note: Basil Jr.
born 1835 if he turned 71 in 1906 - he died in January
1906, at age 70
BROUSSEAU -- NORTHERN DEPARTMENT OUTFIT 1853 Rolls:
No information found to date
regarding his death.
Joanne assumes he was born about 1810 and
perhaps died about 1870. Now that Jean Barman has found
him in the 1881 census, that means he was alive until at
Note: an original agreement
between Basil and the HBC dated January 12, 1845 is on file
at the Victoria Archives (MS-0105, file # 3, item 17).
The junior Basil was born at the
Fort about 1837 or 1838 if he was 3 when baptised in 1841 and
lived there all his life until he retired in 1894.
He died January 23, 1906 (at age
70 according to obit which would indicate he was born in 1835
or 1836), living his last days at the old homestead at
Langley Prairie adjoining the old HBC farm where he had
worked as a dairyman (160 acres, Lot 24, Township 8, Dist. N.
One of the executors of his
estate was George BROSE.
His daughters included Frisidine
(who married Williams), Lucy (who married George Moody, son
of Sewell Prescott Moody); Mary (who married Joanne
Peterson's great-grandfather John(ny) Cook) and others.
His wife was Sarah BROUSSEAU
and she's buried in the Pioneer Cemetery
in Fort Langley (St. George's Anglican, at Mary & Church St. in Fort
Langley). Her tombstone reads: The cross is my saviour / SARAH
BREWSEAU / DIED / AUG. 28, 1889 / AGE 47 YEARS.
Going by the dates on the stone,
Sarah Brewseau was born about 1842. The Older sister of Peter Pierre,
her Native name was (pronounced Tulikvie) and she was from the Katzie
(Note: name does not appear on
vital stats, nor any comparable name.)
Genealogy of Simon Pierre showing correct
names in Katzie Ethnographic
Notes by Wayne Suttles
Source: Information on
Sarah originally received from The BC Genealogical
on Great-Granny Cook aka Mary Josephine Lefleur-Cook
name comes from father Basile Brousseau Junior
grandfather - Basile Senior - was from the Red
registered in the Montreal diocese
source agrees that Basile senior married the
that I thought was Kouyia the second source says
is TULIQVIE - Katzie
interpreted name incorrectly
says there is reference in the Fort Langley Journals to
him; and that he also used that name
Jr., married the older sister of Old Peter Pierre of the
|From T. Glavin:
Peter Pierre (the great
Peter Pierre, one of last of the old time "indian
doctors") had several children, one of whom was
Simon Pierre, who travelled as interpreter for a
delegation of Coast Salish Chiefs who went to London to
petition the king and the privy council about the
aboriginal title issue in B.C.
Simon Pierre was
uncle to Cyril Pierre, a Katzie who lives on the Barnston
Island Reserve. Some Pierres of Cyril's father's
generation changed their name to Bailey, one of whom was
Old Richard Bailey, who up until his death in about 1980,
was the last fluent speaker of the Katzie Dialect.
Death of BEAZIE BREASSIAU
BC Archives Microfilm No.
B13089 # 1906-09-082466 GSU # 1927117
DATE of death: 23 January
1906 (Will says January 24; Newspaper says Tuesday 23
AGE: 70 years born 1836? (Obit says died at 62?; born 1844?)
Religious Denomination: Protestant
Where died: Langley
Cause: Natural causes old age
Note: no indication of
where he was buried or by whom.
OBITUARY FOR BASIL
BREAUSSEAU (Junior) aka BEAZIE BREASSIAU:
Mr. Brosseau Had Been
in British Columbia for Sixty-two Years
January 25 (Special) The death occurred
at Langley Prairie on Tuesday night of Brazil
Brosseau, who was probably one of the oldest pioneers
in British Columbia, having lived at the historic
Hudsons Bay Companys fort at Langley long
before the famous gold rush to the Fraser River in
1858. He had been sixty-two years in British
Brosseau was an old
servant of the company, having been practically born
in its service, as his father was working for the
company at the time, and he first saw the light of
day within the walls of the rude fort which still
stands on Fort Hill at Langley. As soon as he was
able to work, he took a commission from the ancient
trading company and continued in its service until
1894 when the company disposed of its branch at
Brosseau retired in
1894, and had been living since that time with his
family on the old homestead at Langley Prairie and
adjoining the old Hudsons Bay Company farm,
which has long since been divided and sold. He leaves
several grown-up sons and daughters.
||25 Jan 1906 Vancouver Province
|25 Jan 1906 The Columbian; same
title: BRAZIL BROSSEAU DEAD
wording in Victoria paper except title is: OBITUARY
BAZIL BROUSSEAU – WILL at BC Archives -- B-11290
- George Brose and
Jason Allard, farmers, were executors
- died 24 January
1906 at Langley
- value of property
- value of personal
estate under $50
- value of real
estate under $800
- debts about $200
- will signed
December 19, 1905
Effects consist of horse, waggon, plough,
harness, household furnishings and 160 acres Lot 24, Township
8, District N West.
The lawyer was Gordon Edward Corbould of
Corbould Grant of 38 Lorne St., New Westminster.
Will - leaves goods/property as follows:
#1 - daughter
Frisidine Williams of Harrison, BC
#2 - daughter
containing house, barn, 7 orchards, &
granddaughter Maggie Moody; in case of her
granddaughter Mary Moody
property - waggon, horse, plough harness to daughter
-- SENIOR or JUNIOR
||Brusseau (as per 1891
name spellings include:
Note: Henderson's BC
Directory, Volume 3 -- 1891
- Brazil Brusseau, laborer
- Brosseau, Lefter, fmr.
- Brouseau, B - farmer
- Fallardeau, Narcis (no reference to LeFlaard)
Marie Jodoin (dau of
Michel Jodoin and Marguerite Bourgoin) married Basile
Brousseau dit Lafleur (son of Augustin Brousseau and Josette
Gagne) on 19 August 1828 in Varennes; there is no indication
that they had any children.
March 29, 2000 that Marie Jodoin died on the 19th of August
1834, during "the Spanish flue".
Berthiaume, secretary, Basilique St. Anne, Varennes. Hand
written copy on file.
of Peter BAKER
(Pierre Boulanger) was born in Quebec, and died 1897. He
married MARY BROUSSEAU, daughter of BASILE BROUSSEAU and
ROSE?. She was born Bet. 1842 - 1853, and died in 1923 at
about 81. According to the BC Historical News - Fall
1999, Marie Brousseau married Peter Baker (see early land
preemption). Mary and husband John were witnesses at
marriage of Helena and John Charles Burdett. Her maiden
name was listed, but it is hard to read; looks like Kalic or
Ralic? (Katzie?), but should be Brousseau (or Lafleur)?
BC Historical News -
Fall 1999 lists Basil Brousseau's children as:
Children of PETER
BAKER and MARY BROUSSEAU are:
b. May 27, 1882, Fort Langley, BC Canada; d. April 13, 1958, age
75, in ditch at side of highway.
was born May 27, 1882 in Fort Langley, BC Canada, and died
April 13, 1958 in age 75, in a ditch at side of highway. He
married SENNIE CUSTAFSON.
Notes for ALEXANDER BAKER:
(Albion), his son, was the informant at time of death
BURIAL: April 15, 1958, Surrey Centre Cemetery
of DEATH: Suffocation by obstruction; earth & sand in
mouth & nose.
MEDICAL INFORMATION: marked
obesity, early signs of congestive heart failure, marked cardiomigally and advanced kidney disease. Inquiry
held April 15, 1958 since an accident at rear of
industrial avenue; fell into ditch
OCCUPATION: Fisherman until 1953 (total 45 years)
RACIAL ORIGIN: French
Child of ALEXANDER
BAKER and SENNIE CUSTAFSON is:
i. LESLIE CHARLES3
BAKER, b. 1909; m. PHYLLIS OSMOND.
Here is information on
Louis (who married Wilhelmina Fordyce). Joanne met
Clifford Scott in the first week of June. He is age 84, the
grandson of Louis. "What a WONDERFUL man!"
of Louis M Brousseau
was born 1853 in Fort Langley, BC Canada, and died 1919 in
est. age 66. He married EDITH WILHELMINA FORDYCE
December 09, 1880 in Cache Creek, BC. She was born July
06, 1863 in Alexandria, BC, and died 1948 in age 84.
About LOUIS BROUSSEAU and EDITH FORDYCE:
Marriage: December 09, 1880, Cache Creek, BC
The children of
Louis BROUSSEAU and Edith FORDYCE
b. December 01, 1882, Alexandria, BC
Alexandria, BC, age 0.
b. Abt. 1884
d. Abt. 1920, est. age 36.
KATHERINE MARY BROUSSEAU
September 22, 1889, Alexandria, BC.
d. 1913, est. age 22.
CLIFFORD ERROL BROUSSEAU
b. July 20, 1893
d. 1973, age 79.
b. October 18, 1898
m. ANN HARDY.
WILLIAM ALEXANDER BROUSSEAU
m. ANN SUTHERLAND, June 11, 1918,
b. September 06, 1900.
ROSE -- Joanne has
virtually NOTHING on poor Rose, whose mother died just after
she was born, other than a copy of her baptism (which says her
godfather was Laferte).
Here is just SOME of
my information on Basile Jr. and his family:
of Basile BROUSSEAU, Jr.
Generation No. 1
BROUSSEAU, JR. was born March 10, 1839 in Fort Langley, BC
and died January 23, 1906 in Fort Langley, BC Canada, age 62?2.
PIERRE Abt. 1874, daughter of QEYE'Q'ELTX and SNINA'K'AYE. She was born Abt. 1842 in Katzy
and died August 28, 1889 in Fort Langley4,5.
In the 1881 census, the name looks like
Baazille Brisoe, he is male, age looks like 38 (born 1843?),
he is of French origin, Roman Catholic, and is a married
Farmer. Sarah is his wife; the children are Maggie,
Mary, Lucy, Duncan, and Frisidine
The 1891 census says the houses
inhabited was (w ½) wooden; 1 story, 2 rooms)
Family # 157, name Brazile Brousseau,
male, age 53 (born 1838?, married, born in BC., French
Canadian, father born in Quebec and mother born in BC; Roman
catholic, farmer, employed/wage earner. Could not read
or write (was not deaf/dumb/blind). His wife is Sarah
Brousseau (48), and his children are Mary (28, could read and
write, and was married!), Lucy (22), Frisidene (22), and Mary
Maggie (8) (Duncan is not listed).
The 1901 Census indicates Bazill
Bresseau was living next door to his daughter Lucy (Moody) at
Langley. (This may explain why he left her the acreage
that contained the house and barn, etc.)
Robie L. Reid says in
"Early days at Old Fort Langley" in BCHQ April
1937, page 77, it says that the dairyman did have a residence
in the fort. "Near the "Big House" was
the cook-house, where the meals were prepared for its
occupants. Then came the stewards' quarters, for those
who waited on the officers' table. Next the residences
of the supervisor and Indian trader, the cooper and
boat-builder, the blacksmith and dairyman. There were
houses for the labourers, the Kanakas or Hawaiians, the
cooper-shop, the traders' shop, store-room, blacksmith-shop,
carpenter-shop, and warehouses." The timing seems
to be about 1858 at which time both Basiles were working in
the dairy. He later says (page 83) that although the
farm became a liability by 1859 and was leased in March,
1859, the cows and land at the fort were not.
Notes for SARAH PIERRE
marriage of Johnny and Mary in 1892 (Oblate), she
is Sara Telekouyia of Langley
marriage of Lucy (1895), her name is Sarah
research shows her name as Kleka Pierre.
baptism of Lucy (Oblates, 1875), she is Kleka Ke
Note that the
tombstone says she died in 1889; yet she was
still alive in census of 1891! Another
MYSTERY to be solved!
The children of Basile
BROUSSEAU and Sarah PIERRE
b. January 22, 1867, Fort
Langley, BC Canada
d. May 07, 1958, King's Daughter
Hospital, Duncan, BC Canada, age 92?.
b. June 08, 1876; d. 1967.
b. Abt. 1869, 1891 Federal
m. Mr. WILLIAMS, July 10, 1895, Kekrait
b. 1878, Scowlitz.*
b. Abt. 1883, 1891
Was it Mary who married VICTOR TWIST?
*Notes for FRISIDINE
BROUSSEAU: At her baptism in 1875 (Oblate Records), she
is called Euphrosine Brousseau (daughter of Basile
Brousseau and Klika).
Wayne Suttles writes in
Katzie Ethnographic Notes (page 28): "Later
two of Basil Brousseau's daughters married whites, Victor
Twist and Georgy Moody. The name of this daughter
has not yet been discovered.
1. Alice Marwood
Archives Vital Statistics Death Registration,
Microfilm # B13089; Reg. No. 1906-09-082466,
Incorrectly listed as BEAZIE BREASSIAU.
(Wilson) Harris, Pauline, quoted
by Jean Barman: "Basil married Sarah Pierre,
born on the Katzy Reserve."
4. Tombstone, "Sarah Brewseau died
August 28, 1889, age 47 years."
6. "Alice Marwood," Jamie Morton,
Fort Langley - A Site history Df-23 no. 329, p. 265.
7. Catholic Church Records of the Pacific
Northwest, Vancouver, Volumes I and II, and
Stellamaris Mission, Munnick, Harriet Duncan,
Reproduction, 66-67, v. 1, 66-67 (St
Paul: French Prairie Press, 1972), Basile
Lafleur (B54) - "This 3 September, 1841, we
priest undersigned have made the following
baptism.1st Basile, aged 3 months, illegitimate child
of Basile Lafleur and of a Kawitchin woman."
8. Don Waite, The Langley Story Illustrated,
page 55, "Another man that worked on the Langley
Prairie farm was Basil Brousseau. He ran the dairy
making butter, and he, along with 3-4 assistants, one
of whom was his son Basil Jr., milked the long-horned
9. Don Waite, The Langley Story
Illustrated, "Here he (George Moody) had
married Lucy Brousseau, the daughter of Hudson's Bay
Company dairyman Basil Brousseau. Jr."
10. Don Waite, The Langley Story Illustrated, See
diagram, listed 1894 as date of pre-emption.
11. Alice Marwood, GR 1422.
12. The Beaver,
13. 1891 Federal Census, Pg. 25/26?
14. St. Peter's Parish, New Westminster (Oblates),
Volume 1, p. 90, B 70 (1869-1879); also earlier
volume 1, 1860 -- 1869, Euphrosine Brousseau,
daughter of Basile Brousseau and Klika, baptized 31
July 1875- Sponsor: Marguerite Brousseau.
15. 1891 Federal Census, Pg. 25/26?
17. BC Archives Vital Statistics
18. BC Archives Vital Statistics
Marriage Registration, Reg #
1958-08-005756; Microfiche # B13237.